Best Practices When Reporting Fraud Electronically

Safeguard yourself: report confidentially and anonymously

General information-sharing tips

  • Do not use a device that is owned by the government or your employer. It is best to use a device that is not linked to you personally.
  • Do not use your home or work internet network.
  • Create alias communication accounts (use fake names for email, social media, messenger, etc).
  • Do not engage in other activities which could identify you when sharing information, such as checking email, social media, online shopping, etc.
  • If you do not feel comfortable reporting on your own, work with an NGO or attorney to make the report.
  • Use Protonmail and its associated VPN to communicate via email.

Using a mobile device

  • If possible, use a mobile phone that has been purchased only for whistleblowing purposes. It should not have any personal contacts, photos, or other information on it. As an alternative, use a publicly-available phone that is unconnected to your identity.
  • Before using a mobile device, turn off all tracking and Bluetooth functions and close any active applications.
  • Use internet browsers such as Tor, Orwall, Orbot, or Orweb, to make the report on your mobile device. • For text messaging purposes, use encrypted applications such as TextSecure, Silent Circle, or Threema.

Using an internet cafe or other public wifi

  • Check to make sure that the cafe, library, or other location does not require a valid identification before letting you use a computer or internet.
  • Download the Tails operating system or the Tor browser bundle to a USB drive, and use these tools when at an internet cafe, even if using a personal computer.
  • Make sure no one can walk by and see your computer screen without your noticing them. • Log out of all accounts and remove all devices and software after using a computer at an internet cafe.

Download NWC’s PDF on Cybersecurity Best Practices here.

To learn more about best practices for blowing the whistle, read The New Whistleblower’s Handbook, the first-ever guide to whistleblowing, by the nation’s leading whistleblower attorney. The Handbook is a step-by-step guide to the essential tools for successfully blowing the whistle, qualifying for financial rewards, and protecting yourself.

If you need help or want to contact an attorney, please fill out a confidential intake form. To learn more about how NWC assists whistleblowers, please visit our Find an Attorney page.

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