United States Supreme Court
United States Circuit Courts
Federal Judiciary Links – Lists all Federal Courts
Federal Circuit – Federal appeals decisions from Merit Systems Protection Board, other agencies
D.C. Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for DC
First Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for MA, ME, NH, PR, RI
Second Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for CT, NY, VT
Third Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for DE, NJ, PA, VI
Fourth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for MD, NC, SC, VA, WV
Fifth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for LA, MS, TX
Sixth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for KY, MI, OH, TN
Seventh Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for IL, IN, WI
Eighth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for AR, IA, MN, MO, NE, ND,SD
Ninth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for AK, AZ, CA, Guam, HI, ID, MT, NV, OR, WA
Tenth Circuit – Federal appeals decisions before Oct. 1, 1997 for CO, KS, NM, OK, UT, WY
Eleventh Circuit – Federal appeals decisions for AL, FL, GA
Federal Statutes and Regulations
U.S. Code – U.S. House of Representatives – Internet Law Library to search all U.S. Code.
Code of Federal Regulations – National Archives and Records Administration that provides search option of all Federal Regulations.
Federal Register – Database for Federal Register from 1994 (Volume 59) – 2008 (Volume 73). Federal register showing year to year changes in CFR.
Legal Information Institute – Cornell University School of Law – Contains Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Federal Rules of Evidence, Freedom of Information Act Regulations and more. An exhaustive search tool of virtually every U.S. Statute.
United States Administrative Agencies
- OALJ Whistleblower Library – A link to a large number of relevant whistleblower statutes, regulations, cases, and legal articles.
- Occupational Safety & Health Administration – OSHA’s Whistleblower Protection Program protects workers from retaliation and enforces whistleblower provisions of more than twenty whistleblower statutes.
- U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission – The EEOC purpose is to prevent discrimination against a job applicant or an employee based on the person’s race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability or genetic information by enforcing federal law.
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)
- American Civil Liberties Union FOIA web page
- Bill Text of the Freedom of Information Act
- E.P.A FOIA Web Page
- F.B.I. FOIA Web Page
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission FOIA Web Page
- U.S. Department of Justice FOIA page
- U.S. Department of Justice Office of Information and Privacy
- U.S. Department of Labor Office of Administrative Law Judge FOIA page
- Sample FOIA Request
State Courts and Statutes
Municipal Codes Online – A search of all municipal codes. Municipal codes are laws that are enacted and enforced by a village, town, city or county government.
U.S. Senate – A direct link to the U.S. Senate website.
U.S. House of Representatives – A direct link to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress – A directory to get the contact information for individual members of Congress.
Project Vote Smart – A place to go to receive factual and unbiased information on candidates and elected officials.
Congressional Record – Record of congressional actions and daily digests
Committee Reports – Record of discussions in individual committees
Treaties – Record of Treaty documents
Library of Congress – Direct link to the Library of Congress where one can find free and accessible information
Federal campaign finance data – A website that details campaign finance information for individual legislators
Congress.gov – Library of Congress database of federal legislation
Civil Rights Tax Relief Act of 2007 – Act that details certain whistleblower protections against retaliation from their employer
Qui Tam Laws
False Claims Act / Qui Tam – This qui tam law allows for whistleblowers to file a claim on behalf of the U.S. government against any entity that has defrauded the government. Whistleblowers may be eligible for a reward between 15-30 percent of the amount recovered.
Dodd-Frank Act / Securities Qui Tam – A qui tam law that allows for individuals who provide information relating to a violation of the securities laws to the SEC to be eligible for a reward of 10-30 percent of monetary sanctions.
Dodd-Frank Act / Commodities Qui Tam – A qui tam law that allows for individuals who provide information relating to a violation of the securities laws to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to be eligible for a reward of 10-30 percent of monetary sanctions.
IRS / Qui Tam – Allows individuals who provide original information to the IRS about violation of tax laws or the underpayment of taxes to be eligible for a reward conditional on the collected proceeds obtained by the IRS.
Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (APPS) / Qui Tam – Allows crewmembers that have witnessed an illegal discharge in violation of MARPOL to gather evidence and blow the whistle on the ship and its captain. APPS permits the U.S. government to ask a court to award whistleblowers up to 50 percent of the criminal penalties obtained by the government for APPS prosecutions.
Wildlife Whistleblower / Qui Tam – Various wildlife whistleblower laws have been passed. Many of these laws include reward provisions in order to create an effective enforcement tool.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act – In 2002 this act is passed in order to add protections for corporate whistleblowers who are employees of publicly traded companies who have reported violations to the SEC.
Testimony of Stephen M. Kohn on the False Claims Correction Act – Senate Committee on the Judiciary – February 27, 2008. The executive director of the National Whistleblower Center testifies about the success of the False Claims Act in combating fraud against the government.
Testimony of Stephen M. Kohn on the need for whistleblower legislation – Senate Democratic Policy Committee – September 21, 2007. The executive director of the National Whistleblower Center testifies for the need of legislative action to improve the safety net needed to protect whistleblowers.
Testimony of Bunnatine H. Greenhouse on contracting abuses in Iraq – Senate Democratic Policy Committee – September 21, 2007. Bunnatine Greenhouse was a Senior Executive Service member in the Army Corps of Engineers. She suffered retaliation for raising concerns over no-bid contracts awarded to Kellogg, Brown & Root.
Senate Democratic Policy Committee Hearing Notice for September 21, 2007 – A brief summary of testimonies given to the Committee following their hearing.
Floor Statement of Elijah E. Cummings on the Whistleblower Protection Act – A plea on the floor of Congress as to why they should vote in favor of the Whistleblower Protection Act.
Letters to Congress
Academic Law Reviews and Journals
Whistleblower Protection Blog – A blog run by the National Whistleblower Legal Defense and Education Fund that features articles on whistleblower news and developments.
Securities and Exchange Commission Office of the Whistleblower – The government office in charge of investigating whistleblower claims involving securities fraud.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission Office of the Whistleblower – The government office in charge of investigating whistleblower claims of possible violations of the Commodity Exchange Act.
Internal Revenue Service Office of the Whistleblower – The government office in charge of investigating whistleblower claims of possible tax fraud violations.
Office of Safety and Health Administration Whistleblower Program – OSHA’s Whistleblower Protection Program enforces the whistleblower provisions of more than twenty whistleblower statutes protecting employees who report violations of various workplace safety and health.
Department of Labor Office of Administrative Law Judges – Whistleblower Collection – The OALJs decisions in whistleblower cases for with the more than twenty whistleblower statues the DOL is charged with enforcing.
Council of the Inspectors General – A Council of Inspectors General from each federal agency.
Directory for all Inspectors General – Link to the contact information of every federal inspector general organized by agency.
FINRA (Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) Office of the Whistleblower – Investigates tips and complaints of possible fraud or other misconduct that are submitted to FINRA’s Whistleblower hotline and from other sources.
Department of Defense Whistleblower Office – Managed by the DoD office of Inspector General the whistleblower office handles all tips and complaints submitted by whistleblowers for the various programs managed by the DoD.
Office of Special Counsel – The OSC is an independent federal investigative and prosecutorial agency. The OSC’s mission is to protect federal employees and applicants from prohibited personal practices. This mission is especially focused on protecting whistleblowers.
Merit Systems Protection Board – The MSPB hears and decides claims of whistleblowing reprisal filed by federal employees or applicants. (Currently has lack of quorum to issue decisions).
Appeals Office for FBI Whistleblowers – OARM investigates and determines whether or not an unlawful reprisal for whistleblowing has occurred.
EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) – The EEOC purpose is to investigates claims of discrimination against a job applicant or an employee based on the person’s race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability or genetic information by enforcing federal law.
Research pending legislation and legislative history – Easily search whistleblower related legislation.
- Privacy Act Text
- Privacy Act Overview